To reduce rodent numbers on your property:
- Remove accumulations of disused materials and junk including building materials, woodpiles and old furniture etc.
- Prune and remove overgrown vegetation
- Remove fallen fruits and nuts from trees and rotting vegetables from vegetable gardens to reduce food sources for rats (this also assists with fly prevention)
- Ensure compost heaps/bins are covered and protected from rodent access
- Keep pet food dishes clean and only feed pets (including birds) enough food for the day
- Store pet food, poultry and bird feed in sealed air tight containers
- Clean out chicken pens and aviaries on a regular basis
- Set traps in areas of suspected harbourage
- Block any potential access points/holes around your home, such as around air conditioning services or electrical conduit entries into the roof cavity (please ensure that you do not seal up 'weep-holes' or other ventilation bricks required to remove moisture from your home cavities).
- Older properties in the Shire may have open eaves; chicken wire is a common method of preventing entry by rodents and other pests.
Alternatively, a licensed pest control operator may assist by completing a pest control treatment.
If your property is in vicinity of environmentally sensitive areas, threatened and priority ecological communities. There is a possibility that the species you observed are Western Australian native animals, some of which are threatened.
Baiting safely and effectively
Using rat baits can harm our native wildlife, birds, and pets through secondary poisoning. This has been observed in various species, including bobtail lizards, snakes, dingoes, and birds of prey.
To promote responsible rodent control, the Shire suggests:
- Opt for Traps over Baits:Choose traps as a humane and effective method to control rats and mice without causing harm to wildlife.
- Choose Less Harmful Baits: When using baits, opt for those containing the active ingredient coumatetralyl (e.g., Racumin) or warfarin. Ensure strict adherence to package instructions to minimize environmental impact.
- Avoid Second Generation Anticoagulant Rodenticides (SGARs): Refrain from using rodenticides containing difenacoum, brodifacoum, bromadiolone, or difethialone.
- Mindful Bait Placement: Exercise caution when storing and placing baits to prevent accessibility to pets and wildlife such as possums in your garden. Responsible placement is key to minimizing unintended harm.
- Opt for Live Traps: Consider the use of live traps over lethal alternatives. Live traps offer the advantage of releasing unintentionally captured wildlife unharmed.
*Note: Always exercise caution and read product instructions thoroughly before use.*
There are different types of flies found in Western Australia, including non-biting, biting, predatory, pollinating and parasitic.
Besides being nuisance, flies can also carry bacteria which cause food poisoning and other diseases. Flies can be a serious nuisance to humans and livestock.
You can prevent flies breeding in and around your home by taking some basic steps:
- Make sure your mobile bin is clean and closed at all times
- Wrap all foods scraps tightly and place them in the bi immediately
- Don’t leave lawn clippings in heaps, rake them out thinly
- Dig any manures and fertilisers well into the soil
- Tightly wrap and dispose of any uneaten pet food
- Keep poultry and pet areas clean at all times.
Portuguese millipedes usually become highly active after the first rains. They are not harmful to animals or humans, but they can be a significant domestic nuisance when they invade homes and gardens in large numbers, usually in early autumn.
They are one of the few millipede species that are attracted to lights at night, and this is presumably why they invade homes. Different properties will be affected by these millipedes to greater or lesser degrees depending on varying situations.
Stable fly is an international insect that has become an aggravating pest in WA. It attacks humans, domestic pets and livestock. They will breed in any rotting or decaying organic matter such as ageing manure, rotting vegetable crops, rotting hay,straw, fermenting feed.
The key to control is managing its larval habitats, ideally removal or drying out.
Good management practices include:
- High speed mulching
- Regular removal of animal manure accumulation
- Placing reject vegetable produce into pits and covering regularly with soil
- Spreading manure and grass clippings into thin layers on the ground to dry out
- Regular removal of accumulations of spilled grain or other organic material in pens and yards.